Uzbekistan is rich in history and has preserved a rich architectural heritage. The construction of monumental buildings has been a matter of prestige, emphasizing the power of the ruling dynasty, leading families and higher clergy. Following are the must visit places:
1) Tashkent: Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and the
largest economic and cultural centre of the country. The architecture of
Tashkent is characterised by the mixture of modern and traditional styles of
buildings. It is a green city with lots of fountains and parks. The vicinities
of present day Tashkent record their history back to the 5th century BC. Here
you can see The History Museum of the Peoples of Uzbekistan, the biggest of
Tashkent's museums, containing 8,000 exhibits. Then the main city square
Mustakillik (Independence Square) here is an administrative and political
centre of the city, where most of celebrations, national holidays take place. The
Square "Chorsu" is the centre of an ancient Tashkent and "Chorsu"
bazaar that is on the right of the square Chorsu, is the oldest city market. Then
one can also see the Theatre Square, Amir Timur Museum, The Fine Arts Museum of
Uzbekistan and so on.
In Tashkent there are various night (dance) clubs and restaurants. They usually work till late night/early morning. Take enough cash because drinks and snacks are much more expensive than in daytime restaurants.
2) Khiva: Khiva is an ancient city in the lower reaches of the Amu-Darya River. Today, tourists flock to see Khiva - the most homogeneous example of Islamic architecture in the world, which is full of stunning mosques and madrasahs. Its historic center, Itchan Kala has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Walking along its main streets, back streets, you’ll find something interesting to catch your eye. There are so many mosques, mausoleums, minarets and madrasahs crammed in the historic town of Khiva. Some of the historic sites are The Ak-Mosque (“White Mosque”), Kalta Minor, Kunya-Ark ("Old fortress"), Madrassah of Arab Khan and Muhammad Amin Inak, a beautiful emerald green dome topped with a large brass finial marks the Mausoleum of Pakhlavan Mahmoud - the holiest site in Khiva and many more. The Suzani Centre and Craft Stalls are the places for shopping.
3) Bukhara: This city has been growing constantly at one and preserves treasures of architecture of the pre-Mongol period. The total number of monuments is above 400. Bukhara is regarded the largest open-air museum in Central Asia. As the old Bukhara is a city museum, you will find in every spot of the city some amazing places that attract tourist. The must see attractions here are Abdulaziz Khan Madrassah (Museum Of Wood Carving Art), Magok-i Attari Mosque (Museum of Carpets), Ark Сitadel which is a Royal town-within-a-town, Bolo-Khauz Mosque and many more. There are large oriental bazaars in Bukhara’s old town that all offer a wide variety of shopping experience in Bukhara, from jewellery and copper- and metalware to beautiful carpets, cotton fabrics, ceramics and carved wood items. Some of them are The Taqi-Sarrafon, Taqi-Telpakfurushon Market, Tim Abdullah Khan bazaar and so on.
4) Samarkand: Samarkand, the capital of ancient Sogdiana, is one of the oldest cities in the world. The major monuments include the Registan Square, Bibi-Khanum Mosque, the Shakhi-Zinda compound and the Gur-Emir ensemble. The main shopping place of Samarkand is of course the central bazaar. The Siyob Bazaar is the place where you will find real oreintal bazaar shopping experience. Moreover, there are also many shopping places in Samarkand for souvenirs, handicrafts and also for food and vegetables markets. Eating out here is not a problem at all. Be it traditoinal cuisine, european dishes or themed restaurants, find the best Samarkand restaurants. From cheap restaurants to luxury dining, afternoon tea to Sunday roast, read about the best Samarkand restaurants here.